Conex Box or shipping containers are the cargo containers that allow the goods to be stored for transport in trucks, trains and boats, making possible the intermodal transport. They are usually used to transport heavy materials or palletized goods. They are used to protect the transported cargo from shocks and bad weather
conditions, as well as keep stored products intact. They were first used in the 1950s when they were initially developed for the purpose of commercial shipping.
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Depending on the type of product that is going to be sent, the Conex box can vary in dimensions, structure, material, etc. The measures and other characteristics of these shipping containers were standardized, something that expedited the transports without the need to load and unload the merchandise along the way. There are different types of conex box that every operator engaged in transportation.
Common Types of Conex Box or Shipping Containers
Dry Storage Container Refrigerated Container Open top container Flat rack container Open Side Container Tanks Container Ventilated containers
They are the standard shipping containers and the most used on the market. Basic construction, metallic, hermetically sealed and without cooling or ventilation. They have different sizes: 20 ', 40' or 40 'High Cube. The High Cube category, on the other hand, facilitates an increase of 13% of the internal cubic capacity and is destined to the heaviest loads (coal, tobacco, etc.). It is suitable for any type of dry cargo: pallets, boxes, bags, machines, furniture, etc. Refrigerated container Reefer containers provide a temperature controlled environment. They have a power supply that connects to energy sources during transport. This allows the products to be transported at a constant temperature throughout the journey. Has a possibility to lower temperature from -18 ° to 30 °. There are models of 20 and 40 feet, in addition to the High Cube. This type of containers is especially recommended for transporting food or products that need a low storage temperature. Open Top Of the same measures as the previous ones, but open at the top because they have a removable canvas roof. The merchandise can excel, but, in that case, supplements are paid depending on how much cargo has ceased being charged for this excess. These containers facilitate the transport of bulky loads. Flat Rack Like the Open top, but also lack side walls and even, in some cases, front and rear walls. They are used for atypical loads and pay supplements in the same way as Open Top.
Open Side Of the same measures as standard containers, 20 or 40 feet, with the difference that they only have a side opening. This allows transporting very long merchandise, whose dimensions prevent it from being loaded by the back door. Tank container Tank container is used for the liquid transport, from dangerous as toxic, corrosive, highly combustible chemicals, as well as oil, milk, beers, wine, mineral water, etc. They have the same dimensions as a Dry Container, but their structure is different, as they include a polyethylene tank inside. Ventilated containers They are for transporting products such as coffee or cocoa beans, which must be ventilated in transit, sometimes these units are called "coffee container"